Why choose fiber cable as network communication media?

The conventional method of data transmission by cable is carried out by an electrical signal that travels over a copper wire from the starting (or central) point to you; this signal is thus split at different points. This increases the chance of a congested network at certain times.  On the other hand, data transmission by an optical fiber connection cancels out the risk of congestion because it is essentially light travelling over a great distance – transmitting information – with no interruption from a central or dividing point.
If we compare data transmission speeds of conventional cable to fiber optic, it is certain that fiber optic comes out on top. Copper wires lose signal strength either because of the distance traveled, or by radiation depending on the quality of the cables used. Fiber optic lines, however, allow for data transmission that can potentially reach the speed of light. There is very little to no signal loss, and distance has no impact on the speed or quality of the signal being sent.
Finally, if we compare the infrastructures of both technologies, conventional cables are almost always outside. They are, therefore, more likely to be damaged by broken branches, by delivery trucks that may be a little too high, by vandals and even by bad weather.  Cables also deteriorate with time. Meanwhile, fiber optic lines are well protected inside underground pipes minimizing breakage. They are thus safe from bad weather or any other external factors that may cause damage.
When all is said and done, fiber optic technology will give you more peace of mind.
1.Fiber optic transmission is faster.
Fiber optic versus copper wire transmission can be boiled down to the speed of photons versus the speed of electrons. While fiber optic cables don’t travel at the speed of light, they come very close—only about 31 percent slower.
2. Fiber optic transmission results in less attenuation.
When traveling over a long distance, fiber optic cables experience less signal loss than copper cabling. This is called low attenuation. Copper cables can only transmit information up to 9,328 ft due to power loss, whereas fiber cables can travel between 984.2 ft to 24.8 miles.
3. Fiber optic cables are impervious to electromagnetic interference (EMI).
Copper wires, if not properly installed, will produce electromagnetic currents that can interfere with other wires and wreak havoc on a network. Fiber optic cables, unlike copper cables, do not conduct electricity.
4. Light cannot catch on fire.
An added benefit of fiber optic cables is that they are not a fire hazard. This can also be attributed to the same reason that the cables do not produce EMI—there is no electric current traveling through the core.
5. Fiber optic cables do not break as easily.
This means that you will not have to worry about replacing them as frequently as copper wires. Even though the fiber is made of glass, copper wires are more prone to damage than fiber optic cables are.


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